Linux

The most popular Operating System around.



When I ask someone if they have heard of Linux, they will often say something like "Yea I've heard of it, but I don't think it will ever be very popular".

Then I ask them "have you heard of Android?"

The reality is that the following are Linux:

Android
Kindle Fire
Chrome book
Chrome OS
Nook
Most Web Servers



Everyone has their own opinion of which Linux Distro is the best. The nice thing is that we have the freedom to choose which Linux Operating System we want. Most Linux Distros are free. Different Linux distros compete to try to be the best in the way that they see fit, but since it is open source, different Linux distros are able to make use of improvements that other distros come up with, so everyone benefits, and competition is good for creating a drive to make things better. A big part of a Linux Operating system is all of the programs that make up the system. The Linux Kernel is small in size compared to all of the other programs which are usually licensed under the GNU licensing.


If you have not tried Linux, you might want to give it a try. You can download Mageia Linux at www.mageia.org


If you have been using Linux for some time now, and have learned a lot, you might want to increase your knowledge of Linux by building your own Lixux Operating System from scratch. You can download a book that will teach you how to build your own Linux From Scratch.


If you want to download a lfs (Linux From Scratch) that has already been built, you can download the one that I built. I built it using the 'not very popular' method of 'Package Users'. This is usfull for anyone wanting to know what a completed build looks like, or to compare your system to someone elses. It also allows you to see what the system looks like when built using the package users method. You can look at the files in the system, and see what program installation created those files, because the file system shows who owns those files. If you have started to build the lfs but you never got around to finishing, this will give you something that is complete with a desktop and other programs. You can then take this and continue building it with more programs. Building lfs with the package users method is more work, but much more educational. You really learn a lot by using this method. With my build you can even go into the different package users and look at the history of of what commands were run to build the package. It's all there including notes and basic instructions, and some rambling. :-) I am now developing my system farther with my personal preferences and programs. But I wanted to make this system available for anyone that might benefit from it. What I have available for download is a CloneZilla image file of the built lfs operating system. It is a 15.2 GB file. The checksum is md5sum e8fa18be150b870bdd1e8f2941c34038. Because of the file size, don't use the web browser to download it, instead download it with something that will allow you to continue downloading it, such as
wget -c --no-check-certificate http://waynesallee.com/downloads/lfs-img-2016-08-09.tar.gz
Then if you get disconnected or need to continue downloading later, all you have to do is press the up arrow on your keyboard, and continue downloading it. I installed it on a 500 GB hard drive, and then resized it so that it will fit on a 150 GB or larger hard drive.


The root password is "lfsisforme".
The password for the 2 test users is "testuser".
When you boot it up and get to the desktop login screen, click on the user "me" and log in with the password "testuser".